Una puerta digital abierta al patrimonio
Estavillo is a strategic town located on top of a hill that looks towards the river Zadorra. It is one of the oldest documented places in Álava, as we found it on a donation to the monastery of San Vicente de Acosta in 871 under the name of Stavellu. Its role as a crossroads, including the Jacobean route and the court road to France, explains the wealth that the town obtained in the medieval centuries, when it even rescued the neighbouring town of Armiñón from the abandonment by purchasing their lands. Its importance decreased in 1765, when the Postas road was redesigned and its route was deviated from Estavillo to Armiñón. As proof of this prosperity during the Middle and the Modern Ages stands the magnificent parish church dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours.
Outside We know from documents that the current church of Saint Martin of Tours was originally Romanesque. Nevertheless, there is no recognizable remnant of this style left, as the building was redesigned between the late 15th and early 16th centuries, in a Gothic style that begins to establish its first contacts with the Renaissance. The facade belongs precisely to this moment, which shows its past wealth despite the deterioration of the sculptures of the doorjambs and archivolts.
The church of Saint Martin of Tours
An Annunciation is the absolute protagonist in the tympanum. We see the Virgin Mary on a prie-dieu full of books while the angel informs her of her election as the mother of Christ. A vase of madonna lilies divides the characters and, over it, we find God the Father making the dove of the Holy Spirit descend. The distance away from each other of the figures and the gaps generated between them make us think that the tympanum was conceived to be painted, offering a background to the reliefs.
In the upper angle of the ogee arch we find Saint Martin of Tours, the main advocation of the temple, dressed as a bishop, and over him, a frieze full of angels that carry the tools of the Passion: nails, a crown of thorns, lances…
De las fotografías actuales: © Alava Medieval / Erdi Aroko Araba
De las fotografías antiguas: Archivo del Territorio Histórico de Álava.