A digital gate open to heritage
The proximity of Zambrana to the Ebro river and, therefore, to the border with Burgos and La Rioja, caused this town to receive very varied influences from the neighbouring areas throughout its history. The medieval Zambrana arose in an enclave of the environment known as “La torre”, where the primitive Romanesque church of Saint Christopher was located. Nevertheless, the route of the Camino Real, through which merchants, travellers and pilgrims moved, led to the appearance of a second adjacent neighbourhood that caused the abandonment of the original town. Thus, the hermitage of Saint Lucy was promoted to parish, while Saint Christopher was left in a state of abandonment until its disappearance. Today, some of its remains can be seen as part of the manufacturing of the parish church.
The church of Saint Lucy
At present, the church of Saint Lucy shows a particular appearance due to the different moments in which it was built. The original building was a hermitage of the 16th century that was decided to expand once it obtained the parish status in 1621. From then on, a series of expansions were designed, which, for unknown reasons, could not be entirely carried out, making the different structural phases of the building very visible today.
The central nave still preserves the original walls of the hermitage of Saint Lucy, over which the following were added towards the end of the 17th century: the groin vaults, the two side chapels that today respectively house the floats of the Holy Week and the baptismal font, and a new apse that would later be replaced by the current one. The construction of the tower was undertaken in that same renovation, for which the ashlars and several sculpted pieces coming from the Romanesque hermitage were used, in those years already in disuse. This is why it is remarkable to see how there is a decoration in the arches of the bells based on balls that were probably part of the old cornice of the church of Saint Christopher.
De las fotografías actuales: © Alava Medieval / Erdi Aroko Araba
De las fotografías antiguas: Archivo del Territorio Histórico de Álava.