Una puerta digital abierta al patrimonio
Ordoñana is strategically located on the Alavese Plains, halfway between Zalduondo and Agurain/Salvatierra. Therefore, its history has run parallel to the commercial and pilgrimage routes that have crossed the province. It is mentioned in the document Reja de San Millán (11th century), so we are facing a town of great antiquity. In 1332, it became part of the town of Salvatierra, as a result of the Voluntaria Entrega encouraged by the King Alfonso XI, a town with which it maintained historical tensions. Ordoñana was also head of the Brotherhood of San Millán or Eguílaz, origin of the current town of San Millán/Donemiliaga, whose see is in the town under discussion. From this historical importance derives the existence of the lineage of the House of Herdoñana, a family related to the Guevara and the Ocáriz families, and that prospered in a considerable way, which has left a deep mark on its heritage.
The church of Our Lady of the Assumption
A careful inspection of the walls of the church of Ordoñana provides us with important hints about its origin. The building we are contemplating is a good work of the second half of the 16th century, with the straight east end that houses the altarpiece and the large buttresses that, from the outside, herald impressive vaults. Nevertheless, the loss of exterior renderings allows us to see numerous remains of the old Romanesque manufacturing: some randomly arranged, as fillers, others in a more harmonious way, such as the bead mouldings that simulate a crenel.
The existence of the Romanesque building is confirmed as we reach the portico, where a notable medieval facade appears, which could date from the late 12th century or the beginnings of the 13th century. It is made up of five archivolts in whose voussoirs we see enigmatic faces that are difficult to interpret, some of them blurred under numerous paint layers. Three of the archivolts are decorated with the characteristic checkered design that became so well-known during these centuries.
De las fotografías actuales: © Alava Medieval / Erdi Aroko Araba
De las fotografías antiguas: Archivo del Territorio Histórico de Álava