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The church of Saint Romanus – Ezkerekotxa
Ezkerekotxa is a village located in the heart of the Alavese Plains and crossed by the Camino de Santiago. In the church of Saint Romanus we find a good summary of all the different historical periods that the population has gone through. The first news we have of the existence of Ezkerekotxa dates from 1040, although the first historical remains that we find on its church should be placed around the 12th century. Towards the end of the 13th century, it reached a great splendour that was reflected on the growth of the church by the apse side. During the Renaissance the magnificent stone altarpiece that is so characteristic of this temple was included. In the last centuries, the sacristy, the portico or the parish house were added, which form the complex set of spaces of the parish church.
Located in the middle of Ezkerekotxa village and next to the Camino de Santiago in Álava, the church of Saint Romanus has been a silent witness of the passing of people and artistic fashions, which have left a deep mark among its walls. We can locate the first phase of this parish church in the origins of the Romanesque art in Álava due to its mysterious facade, unique among other models of the surroundings. Under the archivolt with a Jaca-style checkered design and a series of plain arches, we can perceive some capitals damaged by the passing of time that reveal some very interesting motifs, such as leaves with a band of pearls, an angel or the figure of a worshipper with raised arms that seems to be wearing a tunic with geometric motifs.
Before crossing the threshold of this door, we must head to the apse of the church, built at a later stage, where the large window of the 13th century will amaze us, a work of transition between the Romanesque and the Gothic, with its lush vegetation formed by plants, trees and diverse fruits crafted with great mastery. In the archivolts, among these natural elements, the figures of a woman with a veil and a man with a book in his hands stand out. We can find a very similar character in the capitals, in which we also contemplate a fantastic animal, an eagle preying on a rabbit, a flat face and another hideous one that is devouring one of the column shafts.
De las fotografías actuales: © Alava Medieval / Erdi Aroko Araba
De las fotografías antiguas: Archivo del Territorio Histórico de Álava.